The employment tribunal will decide whether your tribunal claim succeeds or fails and if it succeeds what should be awarded to you.
It is the norm in claims such as yours to be allocated a hearing of one hour and for the Employment Judge to sit alone. If you believe it should be heard by a full tribunal, then you must inform the employment tribunal in writing, stating your reasons why. The Employment Judge will ensure that you take the steps described below in a calm and measured way. However, they may have to be firm in moving the case forward to ensure that it proceeds at a pace that enables it to be dealt with within the allocated time.
You will normally give your evidence and call any witnesses first. However, there is no absolute rule as to which side starts. You and your witnesses will have to give evidence on oath or affirmation. If you lie after swearing an oath or affirmation you could be convicted of perjury. In England and Wales, you may give evidence by reading a prepared written statement if you want.
The respondent or their representative can then ask you or your witness questions (this is called ‘cross examination’). Finally, the Employment Judge may ask some questions. The same procedure is then usually followed in respect of the other witnesses and then with the respondent. Once all the evidence has been heard, the Employment Judge will usually announce the judgment and give reasons for it.